Country number: 1 (The UK)
Territory number: 6
When? Prehistoric times
Who? With Don and Chez, with Neil, visiting friends, some work in Edinburgh
‘There are two seasons in Scotland: June and Winter.’
Scotland is the second largest country in the UK, after England. The total population is around 5.2 million, around 8.5 per cent of the UK’s population.
Scotland has approximately 790 islands, (130 of which are inhabited), more than 600 square miles of freshwater lakes, including the infamous Loch Ness (the very first recorded appearance of the elusive Loch Ness Monster occurred in 565 AD) and many mountains. The highest point in Scotland is Ben Nevis, at 4,406ft .
Scotland has three officially recognised languages: English, Scots and Scottish Gaelic, with just one per cent of the population using the last.
Part of Scotland was occupied by the Romans who withdrew from Pict savagery and constructed Hadrian’s Wall. Scotland was first united by one king (Kenneth) in the nnth centrury. It was conquered by English King Edward 1 in the thirteenth century, but gained independence in 1314, after the Battle of Bannockburn. Scotland then had its own monarch until 1603, when Elizabeth I died and James VI of Scotland also became James I of England, ruling both countries. Scotland remained an independent state until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union joined it with England, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Since July 1, 1999, Scotland has had its own parliament.
Most of Scotland’s most cultural icons – were actually developed elsewhere: kilts – Ireland, tartans -found in Bronze Age central Europe, bagpipes – ancient central Asia, whisky – China, then Irish monks, haggis, probably Greek
Scotland has the highest proportion of redheads in the world. Around 13 per cent of the population has red hair, with 40 per cent carrying the recessive gene.
The shortest scheduled flight in the world is one-and-a-half miles long from Westray to Papa Westray in the Orkney Islands of Scotland. The journey takes 1 minute 14 seconds to complete.
To see more of my photos of Scotland, visit this page.