Country number: 33
Territory number: 35
When? March 1990, coming from Berlin, after the Wall Came Down, going on to Budapest, via Slovakia
How? On the train
Who? With friend Jenny
‘Poland is not East or West. Poland is at the center of European civilization. It has contributed mightily to that civilization. It is doing so today by being magnificently unreconciled to oppression.’
From Berlin an overnight train across East Germany to Warsaw.
We met an Australian girl, Karen and had breakfast for three for the equivalent of 40 pence when we arrived. Bread and jam and red and white checked table cloths.
Jenny had booked us a cheap hotel and we went to take a taxi there, so we could dispose of our backpacks. The drivers in the rank gesticulated at one particular car and we clambered in. The vehicle immediately started to head out of town, the meter spinning at an astonishing rate. A tourist set up. We asked the driver to stop and he did. He was big and burly, and he wouldn’t open the boot until we paid up. We trudged back into the city with our rucksacks. It was hard work.
Once described as the ‘Paris of the North’, Warsaw was believed to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world, until it was ravaged in World War II. Some of the damaged buildings were (contentiously) replaced by Stalinist architecture. Most notable is the towering Stalinist Palace of Science and Culture. The 237-metre high Palace of Culture and Science was a ‘gift’ from Stalin, built in 1955. Much of the old town is scuffed or under scaffolding. but there are still pointy castles, stepped gables and pastel houses. The shops are all virtually empty, a few stacks of tins on the wooden shelves.
There are also plenty of churches, mostly Gothic architecture, with a sprinkling of neo-classical. Jenny insisted on visiting every one we saw, even though I kept trying to divert her attention. The Church of the Holy Cross next to Czapski/Krasiński Palace, where Frederik Chopin’s family lived, was the largest church in Warsaw at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Chopin’s heart is kept in an urn here. They hid it during the war, when the church was partly destroyed.
Another train to Kraków, much more touristy with its well-preserved medieval core. This was included on the first list of World Heritage Sites, in 1978 (alongside Yellowstone National Park and the Ecuadorian capital Quito). This thirteenth century merchant’s town has remnants of the city’s old walls and is centred on the huge Rynek Glówny (Market Square), Europe’s largest, with its arched promenades alongside the Cloth Hall and St. Mary’s Basilica, a (nother) 14th-century Gothic church. (There are numerous tea rooms juxtaposed between the houses , palaces and more churches to compensate here.)
A side trip to , the town of Oświeçim, the site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camps, where at least 1.1. million Nazi prisoners were killed by gassing with the pesticide Zyklon-B and many more died in other ways. Ninety percent of the prisoners killed were Jewish. The first exterminations of prisoners took place in September 1941. Everyone should go at least once. It was a bleak, misty morning. We arrived early at Birkenau, and while Jenny was looking for the entrance or ticket office I wandered in past the bucket toting cleaners, no-one else in view. It was vast and flat and eerie. I followed the gruesome railway lines decanting the Jews to to the gas chambers and the ruins of the crematoria blown up by the retreating Nazis. The huts that housed those not immediately doomed and the messages painted on the hut walls ‘Arbeit macht frei’, Bleak and haunting. Then I got lost behind all the barbed wire. and couldn’t work out how to find my way back. A frightening and evocative experience.
Auschwitz, a more organised, but equally sobering experience. The poignant piles of suitcases, shoes and teeth. The execution yard. The frailties of mankind.
The first Polish ruler recorded in history was Mieszko, about A.D. 963. In 966, Mieszko adopted Christianity, making Poland the easternmost country within the orbit of Latin culture.
Gdansk, Poland’s fourth biggest city, a port on the north coast, played a prime role in the tearing down of the Iron Curtain. It was here, in the shipyards, that Solidarność (Solidarity) – the trade-union-cum-freedom-movement founded by future Polish president Lech Walesa – was born in 1980.
Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004
Poland is Europe’s most religious country- hence all the churches
The Polish alphabet consists of 32 letters.
Pierogi, or Polish dumplings, are very tasty
Opened in 1275 and located in Wrocław, the “Piwnica Swidnicka” is the oldest restaurant in Europe.
To see more of my photos of Poland visit this page.