Myanmar
24th June 2001
Singapore
22nd August 2001

Cambodia

When?    June 2001, coming  from Bangkok, returning to Bangkok
How?     Car, boat
Who?    With Elaine

See what Sue says

  • A last minute side trip to Siem Reap and the amazing twelfth century Angkor Wat. This Khmer temple complex is the largest religious monument in the world. It is colossal and incredibly fulfilling, one of the most rewarding archaeological sites that I have seen. It was discovered in the jungle and partially cleared. The remaining huge tree root tentacles grasping onto the ruins only add to the atmosphere. I expect Lara Croft to appear at any moment.
  • It’s very quiet in Siem Reap, but I can see that this situation will change very shortly. The whole tree lined approach from the airport, is a hotel construction site. It looks as if they are building hundreds of them.
  • We also take to the water. Tonle Sap is the largest salt water lake in Southeast Asia. It fluctuates in size over the year, expanding considerably during the monsoon. This area is hugely important for growing the staple food, rice. There’s a lot to see, the humming life on the lake shores and locals waving from stilt jetties.

The name “Kampuchea” is more widely used in the East for “Cambodia.
Theravada Buddhism, practised by approximately 95 percent of the population, is the official religion of Cambodia.
Evidence from carbon dating suggests that Cambodia was inhabited as early as 4000 B.C.
In addition to Angkor Wat, airborne laser scanning technology suggests that, multiple huge cities between 900 and 1,400 years old lie beneath the tropical forest floor
Until 1953, Cambodia was a protectorate of France.
During the Vietnam War, the U.S.A bombed Cambodia from 1963 until 1973.
Genocide was carried out by the Khmer Rouge (KR) regime between 1975 and 1979, killing at least one and a half to three million people. The genocide came to an end when Vietnam invaded Cambodia. The bodies of the people that were killed in the genocide were buried in the “Killing Fields.”
Millions of land mines were planted during the war years and Cambodia has the largest population of amputees in the world caused by landmines. Almost half of the landmines are yet to be removed.
The country is a constitutional monarchy but has been ruled for over 25 years by Hun Sen, Cambodia’s present Prime Minister, who became the world’s youngest head of state when he was 32 years old.
Tourism is playing a vital role in helping the economic growth of the country. There were 5 million visitors during 2016, helping to make Cambodia one of the fastest-growing economies. Nonetheless, it is still one of the poorest countries in Asia and more than two and a half million people in the country live on less than $1.20 per day.

 


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