Country number: 15
Territory number: 17
When? A long time ago
How? Overland from Spain , returning to France
Who? With Don
‘The great Charlemagne, my father,
from the Saracens liberated me
And from heaven he gave me life,
of Meritxell, the great Mother.
I was born a Princess, a Maiden
neutral between two nations.
I am the only remaining daughter,
of the Carolingian empire
Believing and free for eleven centuries,
a believer and free I will be.
The laws of the land be my tutors,
and my Princes[A] defenders!
And my Princes defenders!’
The Great Charlemagne “El Gran Carlemany” , the national anthem of the Principality of Andorra.
Andorra is officially the Principality of Andorra or the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra. It is the world’s only co-principality; the president of France and the Bishop of Urgell both serve as princes for the country.
The population is about 85,000
Andorra is believed to have been created by Charlemagne
The official language is Catalan; but Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.
Andorra is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is its official currency.
It has been a member of the United Nations since 1993.
Andorra has most visitors in the world per capita. The vast majority of the visitors to Andorra are Spanish and French citizens who go there to shop and purchase fuel at cheaper prices.